Finance is a field that deals with the study of investments. It includes the dynamics of assets and liabilities over time under conditions of different degrees of uncertainty and risk. Finance can also be defined as the science of money management. Finance aims to price assets based on their risk level and their expected rate of return. Finance can be broken into three different sub-categories: public finance, corporate finance and personal finance.
Accounting or accountancy is the measurement, processing, and communication of financial information about economic entities such as businesses and corporations. The modern field was established by the Italian mathematician Luca Pacioli in 1494. Accounting, which has been called the “language of business”, measures the results of an organization’s economic activities and conveys this information to a variety of users, including investors, creditors, management, and regulators.
Accounting can be divided into several fields including financial accounting, management accounting, external auditing, tax accounting and cost accounting. Accounting information systems are designed to support accounting functions and related activities. Financial accounting focuses on the reporting of an organization’s financial information, including the preparation of financial statements, to external users of the information, such as investors, regulators and suppliers and management accounting focuses on the measurement, analysis and reporting of information for internal use by management. The recording of financial transactions, so that summaries of the financials may be presented in financial reports, is known as bookkeeping, of which double-entry bookkeeping is the most common system.
Accounting is facilitated by accounting organizations such as standard-setters, accounting firms and professional bodies. Financial statements are usually audited by accounting firms, and are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). GAAP is set by various standard-setting organizations such as the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) in the United States and the Financial Reporting Council in the United Kingdom. As of 2012, “all major economies” have plans to converge towards or adopt the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS).
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Short List of topics in the area of Finance & Accouting is given below
1 Performance of Banking Sector in Mutual Funds
2 Multiple options strategy for volatile market
3 Corporate Hedging in India
4 Performance Evaluation of Mutual Funds with respect to growth funds
5 Portfolio Management
6 Comparative Analysis of Sectoral Mutual Funds
7 Financial Analysis of Maruti Udyog Ltd.
8 Equity analysis with reference to Cement sector
9 Equity analysis with reference to automobile sector
10 Equity analysis with reference to IT sector
11 Equity analysis in banking sector
12 Performance analysis of equity shares in selected industries
13 Performance of equities with reference to pharma stocks
14 Portfolio management
15 Fundamental analysis of public sector banks in India
16 A Study on risk & return of mutual funds
17 Inventory management
18 Analysis of Financial Statement by Using the Technique of Ratio Analysis
19 A study on Working capital management
20 Comparative Analysis of NPA of Public Sector Banks, Private Sector Banks and Foreign Banks